07

2018-12

预告|学科国际前沿系列讲座之中西比较哲学:Classical Chinese Philosophy and the Problem of Evil
1571

学科国际前沿系列讲座之中西比较哲学:Classical Chinese Philosophy and the Problem of Evil

主讲人: Prof. Franklin Thomas Perkins Jr.(Department of Philosophy, University of Hawai’I at Manoa)

主持人:李记芬讲师 (中国人民大学哲学院)


Lecture 1: The Problem of Evil beyond Theism

时间:2018年12月10日(周一)下午 14:00-17:00

地点:人文楼600会议室

评议人:姚新中教授(中国人民大学哲学院)

This first session will introduce the specific problem philosophers label as "the problem of evil," and then extend the problem beyond the belief in God to the common claim that good people are always rewarded and bad people are punished. This claim has no intrinsic connection to theism, as it can be made in terms of karma or even in terms of natural causality. After illuminating the structure of the problem, I will describe and categorize responses to the basic problem across a number of traditions, including China.


Lecture 2: Mengzi and the Shift to Human Nature

时间:2018年12月11日(周二)下午14:00-17:00

地点:人文楼500会议室

评议人:谢林德教授(中国人民大学哲学院)

The second session argues that one central problem of Mengzi’s philosophy is how to reconcile human ethics with a natural world that is not itself ethical. I will begin by arguing that Mengzi does not consider tian to be good but rather to be a morally neutral force. This view leads Mengzi give up the idea of directly harmonizing with or imitating tian, shifting instead toward a focus on xing (), human nature. Ultimately, though, Mengzi attempts to reconcile xing with tian by showing that while tian is not itself good, our human way of relating to tian is through our xing, which leads us to be good.


Lecture 3: Beyond the Human in the Zhuangzi

时间:20181212日(周三)下午1400-1700

地点:人文楼600会议室

评议人:温海明教授(中国人民大学哲学院)
The relationship between heaven and humans, tian and ren, in the Zhuangzi is complex and multi-dimensional, but this session argues that the inner chapters of the Zhuangzi maintain a commitment to harmonizing with tian, while recognizing this involves giving up usual human ethical categories. This position entails not only a portrait of tian as amoral but also a rejection of appeals to human nature. The outcome is the ability to wander free and easy in the world.


Lecture 4: Xunzi and the Fragility of the Human

时间:2018年12月14日(周五)下午14:00-17:00

地点:人文楼600会议室

评议人:李记芬讲师(中国人民大学哲学院)

The final session will argue that while Zhuangzi and Xunzi have similar views of tian, they take opposite positions on how to relate to it. While Zhuangzi gives up the human to follow heaven, Xunzi abandons heaven as a norm and argues instead that human beings need to rework the world so that it becomes moral. With the development of civilization and culture, human beings can shape the world such that good people are rewarded and bad people are punished, thus displacing tian as the ultimate force.


主讲人简介:

Franklin Perkins received his Ph.D. from Pennsylvania State University and has been a professor at Nanyang Technological University (Singapore) and at DePaul University (Chicago), where he was also director of the Chinese Studies Program. His main teaching and research interests are in classical Chinese philosophy, early modern European philosophy, and in the challenges of doing philosophy in a comparative or intercultural context. In the past few years, he has been focused particularly on the philosophical significance of recently excavated Chinese texts that were buried around 300 BCE.  He is the author of Heaven and Earth are not Humane: The Problem of Evil in Classical Chinese Philosophy (Indiana, 2014), Leibniz: A Guide for the Perplexed(Bloomsbury, 2007), and Leibniz and China: A Commerce of Light (Cambridge, 2004), and he was co-editor (with Chenyang Li) of Chinese Metaphysics and Its Problems(Cambridge, 2015). His books have been translated into Portuguese, Chinese, and Japanese. He is editor of the journal Philosophy East and West.

方岚生教授博士毕业于宾夕法尼亚州立大学,曾经分别在新加坡南洋理工大学和美国芝加哥德保罗大学任教,并曾担任德保罗大学中国研究项目主任。他的主要科研教学兴趣主要是中国古典哲学,欧洲近现代哲学,并且也尝试在比较与跨文化背景中从事哲学研究。在过去的几年,他主要关注新近出土文献的哲学研究。他的著作被翻译成多种语言,包括《天地不仁:中国古典哲学中的恶问题》(Indiana,2014),《莱布尼茨:迷途指津》(Bloomsbury, 2007),《互照:莱布尼茨和中国》(剑桥大学出版社,2004),《中国形而上学及其问题》(与李晨阳合编,剑桥大学出版社,2015)。他同时也是《东西方哲学》杂志主编。


分享到: